Delhi Air is KILLING YOU | Who is responsible for Delhi's AIR POLLUTION? | Abhi and Niyu
Delhi is dying!
Today Delhi looks something like this.
At the time of recording this video,
Delhi's air has reached
the hazardous category,
which is 10 times above the safe limit.
Let me tell you, all these problems occur
because of Diwali crackers.
But this year Diwali has not come,
so how can Diwali be blamed?
That means the real problem is not Diwali,
it is something else,
and this impacts all of us
and that too when?
When the whole world's eyes
are on India.
International teams are playing
their cricket matches in Delhi itself.
Doctors believe that breathing this air is
as harmful as smoking 25 to 30 cigarettes.
Imagine, if these scenes of
a pollution-filled cricket match go viral
all over the world,
then what will happen to India's image?
The response of all the political leaders
on all these things is only one,
start the blame game.
The state government blames
the central government,
and the central government blames
the state government.
What is the truth,
and the most important thing,
what is the solution?
Let us know in today's video.
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Chapter 1: The Story of Every Year.
This is our third back-to-back video
about Delhi pollution.
Every year the same story repeats,
and every year we make a video
in which we also discuss solutions.
But one major difference this year
is that Diwali has not even started yet,
and air pollution is at its peak.
Let's get to the bottom of the issue
AQI means Air Quality Index,
which considers the air quality of
a specific location,
and divides it into these 6 categories.
The bigger the number, the worse the air.
Experts believe that
if the number goes above 150,
then the air is unfit for humans.
This can have a serious impact
on our health.
And do you know what is the air quality
of Delhi and surrounding areas today?
More than hazardous.
Living in areas like RK Puram is like
living in a gas chamber,
where the AQI is worse than 999.
The Air Quality is 999 only because it is
the highest number on some instruments,
that is, the air is so bad that even
our instruments cannot measure it.
These same things happen every year,
but often the discussion stops
at Diwali and firecrackers.
It is easy to blame firecrackers,
but this year pollution started
even before Diwali.
It is important to reach the root
of the problem before talking about
Let us leave the blame game and understand
why is Delhi so polluted
The root of the problem is PM 2.5
i.e. particulate matter.
These particles are so small
that they can enter our bloodstream.
It is smaller than a grain of sand
and thinner than our human hair,
that is why when we breathe,
it goes inside our body
and destroys us
This is a climate emergency.
A study says that air pollution kills
24 lakh people every year.
Here specifically Indians
need to be careful because
globally 70 lakh people
lose their lives due to air pollution,
and out of them 24 lakh are Indians.
One in three people who die
from pollution is an Indian.
Pollution is reducing the life of
every Indian by 17 years.
This was about the impact on health.
Now let us understand
how it impacts the economy.
Air pollution is called
a silent economic burden.
India's population can become
the biggest strength for India
if we understand the idea
of demographic dividend.
Most of our people are below
35 years of age,
that is, they are young, can work,
and can help the country to grow
but if diseases start occurring
at an early age,
then productivity will decrease
and health costs will increase.
At the same time, due to pollution,
the number of people coming to India
from outside will reduce,
tourism will reduce,
and India's international image
will be as the most polluted country.
India's electricity consumption
Due to pollution, people will use
more ACs and air purifiers.
And what is this electricity made from?
So ultimately pollution will
cause more pollution
and the country will suffer
losses in this.
That means pollution has an impact
on our health and also on the health
of the country i.e. economy.
Chapter 2: Reasons for Pollution.
Let us understand where
Delhi's pollution comes from.
Look at this chart
Six different reasons
have been mentioned here.
Industries, waste burning, transport,
dust, domestic cooking and heating,
and diesel generator sets,
Over here the biggest contributors
are waste burning and transport.
Let us first talk about transport.
As of March 2021, a total of 1.22 crore
vehicles are registered in Delhi.
After the pandemic,
people generally shy away from
using public transport.
Many people bought their own cars.
This is bad news for pollution.
Data for 2021 says that there are
82 lakh two-wheelers,
33 lakh cars or SUVs,
more than 1 lakh rickshaws,
and more than 1 lakh taxis in Delhi.
Often people do not maintain
their vehicles, and do not get PUC done.
And all these factors combined lead to
so much pollution in Delhi.
Delhi is also India's biggest hub
of small businesses and industries
that contribute to the economy
but also pollute.
The problem is not that industries
and businesses exist there,
the problem is that they do not take
pollution control seriously at all,
because how does it matter?
The location of Delhi is also responsible
Just like we run the exhaust fan
in the bathroom,
then the inside air goes out
and fresh outside air comes in,
there is no similar facility in Delhi.
What this means is that the wind speed
of Delhi reduces significantly in winter,
Exactly one-third of that in summer.
In winter, air flows from
the North-West towards land,
so pollution remains concentrated
in this area,
that is, pollution comes not only
from Delhi but also from other areas.
This NASA website marks the area with
red dots wherever fires are taking place
in the world.
Here you can see that there is fire
everywhere in Punjab,
the entire state is full of red dots.
What happens is that in Punjab, Haryana,
and UP, stubble burning starts from
the month of October itself.
This problem is so intense that
last year Arvind Kejriwal
had also announced that he would reduce
the cases of stubble burning
to half in a year,
but today these red dots
and satellite data say something else.
The environment minister of Delhi
is not blaming the fires of Punjab,
but the fires of Haryana and UP which
are not under the control of his party,
but NASA satellite images
say something else.
This clearly tells us where the fire is.
Having said this, it would seem that
farmers are the villains of this story.
It is easy to make anyone
a villain in one go,
but it is important to understand
the whole story.
In 1960, there were back-to-back famines in India
People did not even have
two meals a day to eat,
and we were dependent on the relief
provided by other countries.
Then Lal Bahadur Shastri Ji gave us
the slogan of Jai Jawan Jai Kisan,
and the Green Revolution came to India.
India certainly became
self-sufficient in food,
but we had to pay a huge price for it.
If food production was to be increased,
chemical fertilizers, pesticides,
and hybrid varieties had to be brought
Local farmers were not ready to shift
to these new methods at that time,
it was a risk for them,
so they were incentivized
in the form of MSP.
MSP means Minimum Support Price.
However the problem with MSP
is that MSP is not applicable
for all crops,
it is applicable only for some crops
like wheat and rice,
which are both water-intensive crops.
You must have read in school that
our groundwater reserves are depleting
due to water-intensive crops
like wheat and rice.
Desertification of Punjab
has already started.
New problems were created
as we tried to solve our old problems
An act was passed in Punjab which imposed
a restriction on its farmers that
they cannot sow rice
before the government decided date.
This is called the
Preservation of Subsoil Water Act 2009,
which was later copied in Haryana.
Groundwater is depleting
in the Punjab Haryana region,
so to control it,
the government started deciding
when rice should be sowed
If this rule is broken,
then a fine of ₹10,000 can be imposed.
So farmers grow rice
in one season of the year,
and wheat in the winter season.
Due to this restriction,
they get very little time
between wheat and rice.
Because of this short time limit
they have to use machines.
These machines remove only the upper part,
and the lower part is left,
which is called stubble.
Farmers say that due to a lack of time
while shifting from one crop to another,
they have no option other than burning
Chapter 3: Solutions.
Let's talk about the most important part
of this video, the solutions.
Delhi's public transport
is actually not bad,
connectivity is good,
and it is also affordable
to a great extent.
Delhi Metro is an
engineering marvel in itself
many people prefer private cars.
Everyone's reasons are different,
but the truth is that people
do not find it cool to travel
by public transport.
Right from childhood,
we have to teach people to look
at a vehicle from a utility perspective,
not from a luxury perspective.
I don't own a car, and we use the metro
or bus when we come to the studio,
and I post a story about it,
not to show off or anything
but to tell people that traveling
by public transportation
is quite normal and cool too.
Today India has become
a food surplus country,
so we need a new green revolution
where the farmers of the country
should move away from water-guzzling crops
like wheat and rice
and bring back food diversity.
When an officer tried to stop some farmers
from stubble burning,
they forced him to do it too.
Instead of listening to him
he was also forced to burn stubble.
Disobeying the officers
and forcing them is wrong,
and these culprits must be punished.
But not all people are bad.
This is the Randhawa family
who left paddy
and started growing mushrooms.
They earn ₹50 lakhs annually
from their 1.5-acre farm,
which means pollution is reduced
and profit also increases.
This is Jaideep Sangha,
a farmer from Punjab
who has not done stubble burning
instead, he crushes this stubble
and adds it to his soil.
He says that this increases
the fertility of his soil.
The Punjab Government has also given him
That means the government knows
that if farmers want,
they can find solutions,
and can also earn good income from it.
So it is the responsibility of
the government to provide these solutions
to the farmers.
The responsibility of cutting in Haryana
was given to private companies.
The companies gave these machines
to the farmers for free
or on rent at a nominal charge.
Those companies sold all this stubble
to cardboard factories, biomass factories,
and ethanol plants, and earned profits.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra provides
such machines to the farmers
so that the stubble can be disposed of
in a sustainable manner.
All these people are the heroes
of this story for us because
where everyone else focuses on problems,
these people find solutions.
When those who are breaking the laws
will get punishment,
and those who are adopting
eco-friendly practices will get support,
only then will the country move forward.
And the biggest point is that
we have to accept that
India is not perfect.
A few days ago,
a creator named Drew Binsky
made a small Reel where he called
the air of Delhi disgusting.
I also felt bad after hearing this
and I felt like abusing him.
We Indians feel very proud of India,
so whenever someone criticizes India
or shows the mirror of truth,
we close our eyes, become defensive,
and tell him to go back in the comments.
But we have to understand that
he is a tourist,
he has to go back one day or the other,
what difference does it make to tell him
to go back?
Whether he makes the video or not,
whether he speaks good or bad,
if his words have any substance
then we are the ones who are getting
benefit or loss from it.
Our own people are dying,
we are getting cancer,
our lungs are being destroyed,
and ultimately we have to stay here.
Maybe he is biased,
maybe he doesn't know anything
maybe he just likes to talk negatively,
but if there is even one percent truth
in his words,
then who is impacted by that?
So we must think about what we can do.
Solutions can emerge even
when we do not hold a section
of society responsible.
In this video, we have understood
that mistakes are being made by all of us.
The government is responsible
for wrong policies,
farmers are responsible
for stubble burning,
the increasing population of the country
and even the geographical location
of the country is responsible.
All these small problems together become
a big problem,
which we call the snowball effect.
If a wrong action can give
rise to problems,
a right action can also give
rise to solutions.
We have full confidence in this.
This year, with your help,
we collected more than 3 lakh mango seeds,
which we will plant soon
with your help, we tried to improve
this country even if it is by one percent.
I would request all our audience
to start such small projects
in their respective areas.
I know that 99% of people
will not even watch this video
till the end,
but this video is for that 1% of people
who understand the depth of this message
and want to be a part of the solution.
So share this video so that the reasons
of pollution and their solutions
also reach people
Because making Bharat 1% better
makes a difference to me!